If you've ever met a Jack Russell Terrier in person, you're not likely to forget the experience. Even though these dogs are small and compact, they've got huge personalities. They're active, have a tendency to bark, and are in no way the typical lap dog. This breed wants to run around and play, but are still very devoted, committed to their family, and affectionate. They're super smart and can learn quickly, if taught the right way. Jack Russell Terriers are available in either a smooth or a rough coat, so be sure to inquire about this when searching for one to buy or adopt. Overall, these very alert hunting dogs are perfect for an active family who has the space and patience to handle them.
Continue reading to learn more about Jack Russell Terriers, active and sturdy terriers that were bred for hunting. This breed is also sometimes confused with the Parson Russell Terrier.
Popularity: Somewhat popular.
Trainability: The Jack Russell Terrier is an independent dog with a bold personality. Don't let the small size fool you. When it comes to training, it can at times be stubborn, but with some firm instruction and consistent practice, you can train your Jack Russell. While this breed does attempt to veer off and go its own way, it can be pulled back for continued learning. This dog is proficient at learning many types of tricks as well as obedience training. Firm and consistent handing is key with the Jack Russell Terrier breed.
Size/Weight: Small sized dogs, weighing in at an average of 14-18 pounds.
Origin Location/Date: The Jack Russell Terrier was first bred in the United States in the mid-1800s as a small game hunting dog. Years later, the Jack Russell Terrier Association of America was formed, which later changed its name to the Parson Russell Terrier Association of America. These two types of dogs are distinct from one another, but the Jack Russell Terrier remains popular in the U.S. today.
Energy Level: The Jack Russell Terrier is a huge energetic dog in a small dog's body. This breed needs a lot of room and a lot of exercise to stay happy and fit. Take your Jack Russell for daily walks and play with him in the park to exhaust him. Also, they love to retriever balls and toys, so get throwing. They may actually tire you out. It seems like this dog has a boundless amount of energy. Be sure to mentally stimulate your dog as well with tricks, games and competitions.
Temperament: This dog was bred to hunt, so it can sometimes be aggressive with other animals in the home. It may growl at other dogs and chase smaller animals, so it's not the best dog to own within a group of pets. Socialize and train this breed well when young and even if that's done, you'll still have your hands full. The Jack Russell Terrier has been shown to dominate other dogs in the home or in the neighborhood as well. They are generally fearless and are good watch dogs due to their alertness. They also like to bark, so beware.
Necessary Space: This breed needs a lot of space and a good back yard in which to play, so it's not suitable for apartment living. A big house, piece of property and possibly even a farm would be best.
Talents: The Jack Russell Terrier certainly can hunt small game as well as dig. They've actually been entered in digging contests in which it, along with other dogs, complete to see which one can dig to a location in the ground first.
Life Expectancy: 13-15 years.
Group: Terrier Group.
A few terms and phrases to describe the typical Jack Russell Terrier puppy and dog: energetic, likes to dig, energetic, fearless, small, dominant, not good with other pets, loves exercise, brave, boisterous, observant, happy, confident, gentle, loving and not great with small kids.